The Pinephone is a smartphone that runs mainline GNU/Linux software instead of Android, and the software is still a work in progress. I've had a Pinephone since about May of 2020 and have been watching the rapid growth of the software ecosystem for it, so this blog post is kind of a "status update" in the form of screenshots of various apps that are already running great on this device.
I'm not a software developer in that space, so props to the whole open source community that's making this all come together!
The question is: "is this phone daily driver capable yet?" and to that I say: it's getting close! I haven't yet tested putting my SIM card into the phone and trying voice calls and SMS texts, but I've heard from others that these are working and reliable for a long time. MMS picture messages are still a work in progress though, and they say the phone doesn't wake up quickly if an incoming phone call comes in while the phone is sleeping.
All that aside, the big apps for me to have working to call this a daily driver phone should include:
And: I have basically all my bases covered and then some! This blog post goes through some of my favorite apps that work well on Linux mobile.
Update (Jan 24 2021): Chromium works very well and with better performance than Firefox + webapp support. Screenshots and info added to this post.
My current favorite Pinephone distro is Mobian. They have a great wiki with tons of useful info that I don't find in most other distros so far. postmarketOS is also a great distro and I was bouncing between them and Mobian.
Mobian is a fairly standard Debian arm64 distro and uses upstream packages with a small handful modified by Mobian with patches for mobile. They have an installer image now to support a full disk encrypted OS and comes with tons of default apps that work great. Mobian's wiki has lots of advice how to personalize and secure your phone, from changing your username to installing the system with full disk encryption.
postmarketOS is based on Alpine Linux and doesn't use glibc like other common distros (Debian, Fedora, etc.), so has some binary incompatibility with arm64 apps built on other distros. But they have a great installer script where you can choose your username, set up full disk encrypted and default apps and generate a unique device image specific to you.
Geary is basically the only mobile friendly email app so far, and it works well. I can read and reply to my emails.
Desktop Firefox is actually a good web browser for mobile Linux, with the patches applied by distros like Mobian and postmarketOS to scale down the user interface. It runs well and mobile websites for Twitter and Reddit and such work. Plus, it's full-on desktop Firefox, so you can install uBlock Origin.
You can watch YouTube videos! Don't count on Netflix or Hulu though. The DRM drivers aren't there yet for ARM Linux.
The GNOME Web browser has one advantage that you can install web applications to your home screen and they run in minimal windows, but the performance of GNOME Web isn't as good as Firefox as of yet.
Chromium early on did not run well at all on Mobian but I tried it again just now. I installed it via flatpak:
flatpak --user install flathub org.chromium.Chromium
Surprisingly this browser is very fast on Pinephone, like, Android fast. It has some kind of custom renderer so text looks a little more aliased than usual apps. Scrolling web pages is very slick and you can add uBlock Origin from the Chrome Web Store.
Another plus: you can create web app shortcuts to your home screen. The usual menu -> "More tools" -> "Create shortcut..." works like on desktop Linux or Windows, and I added a Reddit app icon to my Pinephone's home screen. It runs in a minimal Chromium window:
I hate that it's Chromium, though, and Firefox's support for "single-site browsers" would provide equivalent webapp support, but Debian has missed that by just one Firefox version! You can run the newer Firefox on Mobian but you have to patch it up yourself to work well on mobile.
Giara is a Reddit client
designed for mobile Linux. Sometimes scrolling the frontpage of a subreddit will
bug out the app; best to scroll by not touching any frames or widgets, i.e.
along the left edge of the window. The mobile
reddit.com site also works fine
in a Firefox tab.
Cawbird is a good Twitter
client app for Linux. Of course, their regular
twitter.com website works fine
in a Firefox tab.
I can see tweets, post, check my notifications, send and receive DMs and all the basics.
It has all the basic functions covered: see your Home, Local and Federated feeds, direct messages, posting, boosting, favoriting.
GNOME Maps is a fairly okay maps application. You can search for addresses by name and find them easily, and pan and zoom the map and start navigation. The UI gets a little cramped during navigation. Good if you're not in a hurry to get somewhere.
Honorable mention: PureMaps is another good map application. On my phone it would show the street map but wasn't overlaying icons or navigation on top of it and was a bit awkward to use. GNOME Maps seems the better option right now, but check them both out as they're both getting better quickly.
GNOME Password Safe is a really good KeePass client. It doesn't have OTP generator support, though.
KeePassXC works as a
backup if you need OTP codes. Run
scale-to-fit org.keepassxc.KeePassXC and
the app is workable if you squint your eyes. ;) And hey, KeePassXC is exactly
the same app I run on my desktop Linux!
Mobian includes a ton of apps by default and they all work well on mobile Linux. Example of the default Weather app on Mobian:
Blanket is a white noise generator app that can create mixtures of rain, storm, wind, campfire and other sound effects. It runs a little slow currently, but works and is a neat concept!
The default Files app on Mobian works as well as you need it to:
The terminal apps are great. The on-screen keyboard has a Terminal layout so you can get access to all kinds of control keys and special characters. Mobian and others ship with King's Cross but I hear the GNOME Terminal runs fine on mobile too!
I was able to
git clone my .dotfiles repo
and have my familiar zsh environment all set up, with my colorful shell prompt
and syntax-highlighted commands:
The app switcher is pretty familiar like on Android devices. Swipe left and right between apps, swipe up to close the app. The Pinephone does really well with only 2GB of RAM, if you remember to not run too many apps at the same time. ;)
This screenshot is using the Phosh shell, which is like GNOME Shell but optimized for mobile. Your mileage may vary on other mobile shells (Plasma Mobile, etc.) which I have not tested out.
If you really reign in your expectations that this is a replacement to your Android device... yes!
None of your Android apps are going to work well on GNU/Linux distros for Pinephone right now. There is Anbox as the most likely contender to run Android apps on Linux, but currently its performance isn't ideal and it needs a lot of RAM. As a last resort option it may work in a pinch, but I prefer to find alternatives in the mean time.
I'll usually install Anbox just before I'm ready to re-image my phone with a fresh OS anyway; I wasn't happy with Anbox's performance but I could install F-Droid and OpenBoard (Android keyboard) and, using that, interact with apps. Anbox clutters my app drawer with launchers for all of its apps (including the Android "Settings" app which looks a lot like the launcher for GNOME Settings) which I find inconvenient while the performance of Anbox is still poor (clicking the wrong app boots up the whole Android runtime environment!)
GNOME Online Accounts (used in most Linux distros for mobile) has built-in support for Nextcloud servers. If you stand up your own Nextcloud and upload your contact list and calendar there, you can use the Nextcloud server to sync these things to all of your devices and it works great. I just install Linux on my Pinephone, link my Nextcloud, and my Contacts and Calendar are filled out and I can browse my Nextcloud drive in the Files app.
Even if you don't have a Linux phone, Nextcloud can sync these for your Android and desktops via standard WebDAV protocols and you can break your reliance on Google to host your contact list anymore. (My current daily driver is a Pixel phone running de-googled Android).
Google, Outlook and Facebook accounts are also supported in GNOME Online Accounts, so (presumably) if you use Google to host your Contacts and Calendars that sync should work fine there too.
I hear from others that phone calls and SMS texts work reasonably well, but that MMS picture messaging still doesn't work. Some people have shell scripts to get these that are carrier-specific. I'm fine to wait a little while until these are "just working"; not that I receive MMS messages often, but if somebody starts a group chat with me or sends a picture I wanna make sure I receive it!
And, for power management the Pinephone distros go into deep sleep when you lock the screen to conserve power and it waking up in time for incoming phone calls would be a concern.
The Pinephone is more "a full-on Linux device the size of a phone" and less of a "smartphone" and for what it is, it's great! The terminal environment is fully functional and it does everything I'd hope for a portable Linux PC. And for smartphone functions... I can still order on DoorDash using their mobile website on Firefox!
My current daily driver is a de-googled Android phone (which is a solid alternative) and without Google apps and services my app selection there is already a tad narrower than usual. What Android apps do I currently have installed which I would miss on the Pinephone?
Turns out there's only a few:
Matrix is an open source federated messenger protocol and I hear there are bridges for Slack and things if you stand up a Matrix server. There are mobile Linux apps for Matrix as well as Android and iOS (Element, formerly Riot.im) and may solve my Slack (and possibly Discord) problem.
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I used slack in firefox on an unsupported android phone by setting my user agent to a desktop browser like safari. I wonder if that would still work in firefox on a pinephone.
@silver: good hint, actually. I successfully got Slack to work by creating a "desktop profile" in Firefox with a user-agent copied from my desktop Firefox:
It tried to use an awkward mobile UI that looked buggy, so I zoomed out the page to 50% via the Firefox menu and took a screenshot. And then I uploaded the screenshot in a message saying Slack works on Pinephone.
firefox --ProfileManagerto create a separate profile for "desktop Firefox". Thankfully, the Profile Manager UI is completely mobile-friendly.
about:configcreate the key named
general.useragent.overridewith a value like
Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Fedora; Linux x86_64; rv:84.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/84.0
firefox -P default-esrto use the default (mobile-friendly) profile.
firefox -P 'Desktop'(or w/e you named the profile as).